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Urology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases of the genitourinary tract including kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra as well as male reproductive organs like testes and prostate. It is also a surgical specialty. Physicians trained in urology can diagnose and treat these conditions using various techniques such as surgery, endoscopic procedures, laser-assisted surgeries, etc.Source:biomedica-servicii.ro

The path to becoming a urologist requires an extensive amount of education and training. In addition to earning a four-year college degree and graduating from medical school, a urologist must spend four or more years in a residency program where they gain hands-on experience with patients.

Behind the Scenes: Insights from Urology Experts on Cutting-Edge Research

A urologist must be able to recognize many conditions from a patient’s symptoms and history. For example, a symptom such as pain in the lower back or abdomen might indicate kidney disease. In addition, a loss of bladder control or urinary incontinence could also point to a urological problem. Swelling or lumps in the testicles might be a sign of prostate cancer.

Once a urologist has identified the underlying condition, they may order tests to learn more about the problem. These tests might include a urinalysis, which looks for bacteria, nitrates, and white blood cells that indicate an infection; and a CAT scan or MRI to look at the kidneys, bladder, and prostate. These tests can be performed at hospitals or in urology centers. To prepare for these tests, the patient must drink plenty of fluids. The urologist will then put a gel on the skin over the area being tested and use a small scanning probe to send out sound waves. The echoes from these waves are recorded by the device and turned into pictures for the urologist to review.